4 - 2 - 1 - Pattern and Characteristics of Childhood Seizure Disorders in a Secondary Care Hospital at Abha City, Aseer Region, K.S.A.

Abstract: 

Objectives: Epilepsy is one of commonest central nervous system disorders especially in children. It causes significant impact on wellbeing of affected individuals. This study aimed to assess characteristics of affected children and the pattern of their seizure disorders. Methods: The study was a retrospective one on epileptic patients attending the neurology outpatient clinics at Abha Maternity and children Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia for the period from Oct2015-March2016. Results: A total of 220 cases were studied (119 males & 101 females.) The following parameters were studied and analyzed: Age groups, Seizures types, Comorbidities of affected individuals and types of medications used. The commonest affected age group was (6years – 12 years) {50%} with Onset of seizures was commonly in the first year of life (>80% of cases). Commonest types of seizures were generalized tonic/clonic (over 60 % of cases) Many Comorbidities were detected in affected children. Global developmental delay and mental retardation. Conclusion: Epilepsy commonly starts in younger age groups with deleterious effects on affected children. Characteristics of affected children as well as pattern of their epilepsies were studied. Some comorbidities which are commonly overlooked by treating physicians were detected. There is real need to establish registries for childhood epilepsies.